Intercultural Patient-Provider Communication Between Immigrants with a History of Female Genital Mutilation and Health Care Providers: A Literature Review
Israel Abebe (School of Public Health (UMD) Behavioral and Community Health Doctoral Student)
Abebe, Israel (UMD SPH Behavioral and Community Health)

Background: Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is a public health and human rights problem that still exists in certain parts of the world. FGM is uncommon and less known in western countries. Understanding the literature on the intercultural communication dynamics between FGM-exposed immigrant women and western gynecological and obstetric care providers is important.

Goal: To understand the literature on communication behaviors and experiences pertaining to FGM-exposed immigrants and obstetric/gynecological care providers.

Objectives: To explain the patient-provider communication dynamics, and identify relevant intrapersonal, interpersonal and system-level factors that shape the interaction.

Approach: A review of the published literature was conducted in the following databases: PubMed, ScienceDirect and MEDLINE.

Results: Overall, the literature review found patient-provider communication challenges primarily stemming from cultural and linguistic discordances, and differences in personal view points.

Importance to public health: Understanding the intercultural patient-provide communication challenges between FGM-exposed immigrants and gynecological/obstetric care providers could inform the development of effective interventions that not only can improve communication but also care experiences for patients.